Biodiesel is a renewable alternative fuel created from vegetable oils, animal fats, and greases througha chemical process. The chemical process involves reaction of natural oils with an alcohol, and then refining the mixture to create molecules which can beeasily burned in a diesel engine. Biodiesel fuel can be used in any diesel engine in pure form orblended with petroleum diesel at any level. Even a blend of 20% bio- and 80% petroleum diesel will significantly reduce carcinogenic emissions and gases that may contribute to global warming. Glycerin is the byproduct of the biodiesel production process, and can be used in personal care products or a variety of chemical applications.
The Competitive Edge which our valued clients are assured of is the simple fact that our processing plants are so designed that they can process a number of easily available raw feedstock (In the Indian Sub-Continent) in to Biodiesel meeting all Global Standards and crossing all the levels of feedstock constraints and rigidity.
Following are the list of feedstock that can be used for the production of biodiesel
Biodiesel reduces 100% CO2 emission,Reduces smoke due to soot free and complete combustion,
Reduces hydrocarbon emission,Reduces carbon monoxide emission,Safe for transport due to high flash point,
Safe for handle as it is bio-degradable and non-toxic,Biodiesel is renewable energy sources.
The ozone (smog) forming potential of biodiesel hydrocarbons is less than Diesel: The ozone forming potential of the speciated hydrocarbon Emissions are 50 percent less than that measured for diesel fuel.
Sulphur emissions are essentially eliminated with pure biodiesel: The Exhaust emissions of sulphur oxides and sulphates (major components of acid rain) from biodiesel are essentially eliminated compared to diesel.
Criteria pollutants are reduced with biodiesel use: Tests show the use of Biodiesel in diesel engines results in substantial reductions of unburned Hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter. Emissions of Nitrogen oxides stay the same or are slightly increased.
Carbon Monoxide: The exhaust emissions of carbon monoxide (a Poisonous gas) from biodiesel are on average 48 percent lower than Carbon monoxide emissions from diesel. Particulate Matter – Breathing particulate has been shown to be a Human health hazard. The exhaust emissions of particulate matter From biodiesel are about 47 percent lower than overall particulate Matter emissions from diesel.
Hydrocarbons: The exhaust emissions of total hydrocarbons (a Contributing factor in the localized formation of smog and ozone) are on average 67 percent lower for biodiesel than diesel fuel.
Nitrogen Oxides: NOx emissions from biodiesel increase or decrease Depending on the engine family and testing procedures. NOx Emissions (a contributing factor in the localized formation of smog and Ozone) from pure (100%) biodiesel increase on average by 10 percent.However, biodiesel’s lack of sulphur allows the use of NOx control Technologies that cannot be used with conventional diesel. Additionally, some companies have successfully developed additives to reduce Nox emissions in biodiesel blends.
Biodiesel reduces the health risks associated with petroleum diesel:Biodiesel emissions show decreased levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(nPAH), which have been identified as potential cancer causing compounds. In Health Effects testing, PAH compounds were reduced by 75 to 85 percent, with the exception of benzo(a)anthracene, which was reduced by roughly 50 percent. Targeted nPAH compounds were also reduced dramatically with biodiesel, with 2-nitrofluorene and 1-nitropyrene reduced by 90 percent, and the rest of the nPAH compounds reduced to only trace levels.
Bio-Diesel Emissions VS PetroDiesel
Biodiesel Reduce Air Pollutant
Biodiesel fuel almost eliminates the air pollution caused by petroleum based fuels. Toxins that can cause cancer are virtually cut to zero by the use of biodiesel fuel instead of regular diesel fuel. There is far less sulfur in biodiesel fuel, so the smell is also greatly reduced. Some have even reported a pleasant smell from the combustion of biodiesel, such as that of doughnuts or French fries. There is also less soot from biodiesel combustion than with petroleum fuels.
What is Global Warming?
Climate is the pattern of weather over the long term. The climate has always changed, getting warmer and cooler over years. Though climate change isn’t new, the speed with which the climate is changing is. Global warming is a term used to describe the increase in average global temperatures due to the greenhouse effect. But what is that?
The Greenhouse Effect
Scientists generally agree that the Earth’s surface has warmed by about one degree Fahrenheit in the past 140 years. That might not sound like much, but it has definitely impacted the earth. Scientists also think the rate at which the earth is heating up is increasing. The greenhouse effect is what scientists believe is causing the sharp increase in global temperatures. The earth’s atmosphere traps solar radiation, caused by the presence of gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane (from pollution) in the atmosphere, which allows incoming sunlight to pass through it but won’t allow the heat to escape back out (like in a greenhouse).
Bio-Diesel Fuel of Furture
Biodiesel is a safe alternative fuel to replace traditional petroleum diesel. It has high-lubricity, is a clean-burning fuel and can be a fuel component for use in existing, unmodified diesel engines. This means that no retrofits are necessary when using biodiesel fuel in any diesel powered combustion engine. It is the only alternative fuel that offers such convenience. Biodiesel acts like petroleum diesel, but produces less air pollution, comes from renewable sources, is biodegradable and is safer for the environment. Producing biodiesel fuels can help create local economic revitalization and local environmental benefits. Many groups interested in promoting the use of biodiesel already exist at the local, state and national level.
Biodiesel is designed for complete compatibility with petroleum diesel and can be blended in any ratio, from additive levels to 100 percent biodiesel. In the United States today, biodiesel is typically produced from soybean or rapeseed oil or can be reprocessed from waste cooking oils or animal fats such as waste fish oil. Because it is made of these easily obtainable plant-based materials, it is a completely renewable fuel source.
Application of Bio-Diesel
On-Road Vehicles:All Vehicles having Diesel Engine can be powered by Biodiesel without any hassle
Off-Road Vehicles:Natural Biodiesel fuel can be used for construction, mining, and farm machinery.
Natural Biodiesel can be used in marine engines safely. Marine use is especially attractive due to the elimination of any possibility for contamination of waterways.
Stationary Power Generation:With new power generation capacity coming online, Natural biodiesel makes an attractive choice to meet the regulations. Many stationary applications are permitted sources requiring exhaust emission control system, which will work well with biodiesel but will not work with diesel fuel.
With natural gas prices rising high, biodiesel can be substituted easily for natural gas with minor changes necessary to the burner train.
Hybrid Vehicles:With many states now mandating hybrid electric vehicles (including the fuel cell hybrid), biodiesel will make excellent reforming fuel.
Lubricity Agent/Additive:Natural biodiesel can also be used as a lubricity agent/enhancer in many applications. It is especially useful in marine applications where water contamination with petroleum lubricity agents can create problems. With the low-sulfur fuel regulation of future, biodiesel can be used as a lubricity additive. A 1-2% biodiesel added to diesel fuel can increase diesel lubricity by 65%
Biodiesel can also be used as a diesel fuel additive for the purpose of keeping the injectors, pumps and other combustion components clean. A 1-2% blend should be sufficient for this purpose.